Rabu, 01 Agustus 2012

Beautiful World with Music (1)

Beautiful World with Music (1)

 (Traditional and Non Traditional)  

Written by DS Soewito 
Publishers by Titik Terang
Written back on facebook note by Arie Rachmawati.
For Max Ridgway

The definition of a traditional musical instrument that is typically found in areas around the country (Indonesia). of how to play, traditional musical instruments can be distinguished as follows:
  • Musical Instruments at (percussion)
  • Wind instrument
  • Musical Quote
  • Stringed instrument

Hit Musical
Percussion instruments (percussion), serves as a rhythmic (accompanist) and melodic (carrier track). which serves as a rhythmic instrument, for example: type of drum, gong, kecrek. Which serves as a melodic instrument, such as: type gambangm saron, kolintang, calung. 

Wind instrument
This traditional wind instruments in general serves as a melodic (carrier track). included in this group such as: types of traditional flute and trumpet. 

Musical Quote
This traditional stringed musical instrument strings and functions also as a melodic instrument. included in it, namely, the type of harp or zither and sasando. 

Stringed instrument
 Function traditional stringed instrument as well as melodic. included in this stringed instrument, namely: the type of fiddle. Types of rebab is often found in areas that looks almost the same, but there are strings that jumlanya 1.2 and 3.

**Traditional Musical Instruments **
  1. Gendang Melayu            
  2. Gendang Karo
  3. Marwas
  4. Rebana
  5. Dog-Dog
  6. Gendang Jawa Barat
  7. Kendang Jawa
  8. Gendang Bali
  9. Jidor
  10. Beduq
  11. Tifa
  12. Tebung
  13. Garantung
  14. Doli-Doli
  15. Tanggetong
  16. Rere
  17. Gambang
  18. Calung
  19. Angklung
  20. Arumba
  21. Kulintang
  22. Saron
  23. Rincik 
  24. Kademung
  25. Gender
  26. Giying
  27. Inting
  28. Bonang
  29. Talempong
  30. Gong
  31. Gong Kemeda
  32. Kempul
  33. Bende
  34. Kenong
  35. Kecrek
  36. Ceng-Ceng
  37. Suling
  38. Saluang
  39. Serunai
  40. Suling Lembang
  41. Gong Lambus
  42. Suling Sunda
  43. Tarompet
  44. Dermenan
  45. Hapetan
  46. Sampek
  47. Kecapi
  48. Clempung
  49. Sasando
  50. Rebab
  51. Ohyan
  52. Rendo

** Non-Traditional Musical Instruments **
  1. Congo
  2. Bongo
  3. Drum Set
  4. Pauken
  5. Treangel
  6. Tambourine
  7. Maracas
  8. Bels
  9. Bellira
  10. Vibraphon
  11. Trumpet
  12. Tuba
  13. Horn
  14. Helikon
  15. Clarinet
  16. Saxophone
  17. Hobo
  18. Trombone
  19. Basson
  20. Flute
  21. Piccolo
  22. Recorder
  23. Harmonica
  24. Pianika (alive)
  25. Regular guitar
  26. Electric guitar
  27. Bass guitar
  28. Ukulele
  29. Cak
  30. Hawaian
  31. Mandolin
  32. Banjo
  33. Contrabass
  34. Luit
  35. Kythara
  36. Harp
  37. Violin
  38. Cello
  39. Accordion
  40. Organ
  41. Harmonium


1. G E N D A N G   M E L A Y U   
(Malay Drum)

Malay drum is a musical rhythmic drum type typical of the Melayu Deli, North Sumatra.The form of thin, wide diameters to achieve + / - 50-60 cm. Her skin is just next door, the front only. Usually diaminkan pair (2 pieces) as well consist of a large drum and small drum.Used for art Orekes Melayu Deli. Twelve Serampang Malay dances and Ronggeng Malay. Art Ronggeng melayu is now rarely found. Malay art Ronggeng old days a lot of fans.

2. G E N D A N G   K A R O   

That kind of drum that contained in the land wars of North Sumatra. Unlike the drum-drum alin, drum karo is a form of small size. diameter of only + / - 10-15 cm. Her skin diapasng right and left, use it to play using the bat. This drum plays a role in local arts Tanah Karo, for example, under a kind of dance Kolong social dances in the Land of Karo. commonly used to accompany dances in 2 pieces or 3 pieces with different sizes. Other musical instruments that were involved are the type of wind instrument (trumpet tardisional Karo) and Gong.

3. M A R W A S    

Marwas a type of drum, but the form of small size. Shell 2, right and left, the middle line between + / - 15-20 cm, the length of the frame + / - 10 cm Played a pair (2 pieces) of different sizes. Marwas titmis a tool in the art of orchestral stringed instruments found in the Malay Deli (North Sumatra, Riau and South Kalimantan) to accompany the dance Japin (Japen) Japin art is folk dance, accompanied by singing. The dancers wear traditional uniforms. 

4.  R E B A N A     

Tambourine type drum-skinned one (right). This type there are several types with varying sizes, namely: terebang (fly), kentrung, ketimplik (ketimpling). Large diameter of the skin varies about + / - 20-30 cm, but there is also greater. Tambourine man there is in place, namely in areas where the population adheres to Islam. Tambourine tambourine used for art, which is a breath of Islamic art. The song is praise to God Almighty, Apostle and counsels, in Indonesian and Arabic. Tambourine is played as much as 3-6 pieces, sometimes even more. Each player holds a tambourine while singing. Tambourine is used also for the arts Angguk (Central Java), male dancers in black uniforms and attributes.

5. DOG-DOG       

This next-skinned drum types are often found in some areas of our country, with different names, for example: in West Java (Dog-dog), Simelungun (North Sumatra) - (Gondrang), the island of Nias (Gondrang), the island of Roti (pumpkin). On the island of Nias have a framed Gondra long till + / - 150-200 cm, was named Rafa'i small size. In Bengkulu (Tabot), and Sumatra (Tabuik). In western Java Dog-dog used to the arts Reog. Played 3-5 people, each player holds a dog-dog with a different size, and act as a bodoran (comedian). How to play using a paddle or by hand. The size of the center line of the shell varies between 20-30 cm, but there are also larger.


Drum called western Java, because this type of drum is found in the arts-the arts that exist in western Java. Skinned two, right and left, the size of their diameters vary + / - 20-30 cm. This type of drum is used for art in the art Psundan (Sunda), Cirebon, offerings, and also in Batavia or other areas of West Java. Usually played until 2atau 3 drum sizes venomous. In Jaipong dance, plays drums is all. This type of drum as encountered in the South Kalimantan region called the baboon, to arts and Banjar Puppet Arts Pencak Silat.

7. K E N D A N G     

Drum as the drum is used in art-art Java. Her skin was the right and left, it was bigger than the drum of West Java, and somewhat bloated abdomen. This type of drum is composed of several kinds, with different sizes, namely: Kendang Gede, Kendang Gending, or Kendang Bem. Medium-sized drums or drum sticks ciblon and the smallest size drum or kulanter ketipung. This drum skin named tebokan. Perengangnya ropes called serpents, and rings perengangnya named enemies. Above named horses are named Plangkan. All art is in Central Java and East Java to use this type of drum, for example purwa puppet arts, musicians, ketoprak, ludruk and others. Ki Narto Sabdo (deceased), in his lifetime was a drum player and renowned puppeteer, as well as the creator of Java songs.

8. G E N D A N G   B A L I    

If the drum Kendang West Java and Java is almost the same shape, namely the body / belly somewhat bloated form the drum Bali is part of the body / stomach does not form. The excess width of the center line of skin the right and left differ greatly. Magnitude size also varies, which is used in small gupek named Arja gamelan and gamelan temple in Bali. Ketipluk, also means a kind of drum sounds of Bali, which is on the right and left frame hung a rope and made a round-Rounded edges to form small balls. When shaken, spheres or balls banging on her skin. Ketipluk is used for Balinese Hindu religious ceremonies.

9. J I D O R    

Jidor type of drum width in diameter up to + / - 50-70 cm. Her skin there is a right and left, but some are just next to it. Jidor Tanjidor is used for art, folk art using non-traditional wind instruments, the songs brought Mars and vibrant. Art like this found in Jakarta and surrounding areas, are also encountered in the area of South Kalimantan.

10.  B E D U G    

The drum is a percussion instrument that looks great. Her skin is just next door, but there is also the right and left. Drum can dikumpai everywhere local population is Muslim. Useless as a guide prayer times, and placed in mosques. Outside the mosque Bedug type is also used as an instrument, as a supporter of the arts-the arts ketoprak, gamelan. Sekati (Central Java) and art nabeuh Pandegelang area (West Java), which played several different drum size. Types beduq great length + / - 150 Cm, named drum gubrag. On the feast of Eid al-Fitr is a lot of drum played by the people of West Java, as the fighting art of the drum. The largest drum in the ground water, is contained in Purworejo.

to be continued . . .

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